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Burnout twice as risky for patient safety: Study


Filip Vukasin


19/09/2022 4:01:08 PM

A large new meta-analysis also shows burnt out doctors are three times more likely to consider leaving their job or regretting their career.

Burnt out GP
Burnout has negative outcomes for both patients and practitioners, new research suggests.

Burnt out doctors are twice as likely to be associated with patient safety incidents and four times more likely to be dissatisfied with their job, a new comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis shows.
 
It also reveals burnt out doctors are three times more likely to consider leaving their job, twice as likely to receive low satisfaction from patients and three times more likely to have regrets about their career.
 
Published in The BMJ, the research is the largest of its kind to date, and involved an analysis of 170 studies involving 239,246 physicians worldwide.
 
According to the study, ICU and emergency physicians are most likely to experience burnout, with GPs deemed the lowest risk.
 
However, Dr Tim Jones – who has spoken openly about his own experiences with burnout – told newsGP that GPs are not immune.
 
‘GP burnout [is] steadily increasing as workforce shortages and demands across the healthcare sector continue to increase. More of my colleagues [are] leaving GP for more controlled work environments,’ he said.
 
‘[It’s] still the most meaningful job a doctor can perform but maintaining healthy boundaries with patients [is] getting increasingly critical. We desperately need better support from Medicare to continue high standards of care.
 
‘In the meantime, I still advocate that if a GP isn’t feeling compassionate for their patients in a healthy way, they are suffering burnout and must take steps to balance their work demands.’
 
Doctor burnout isn’t new but has been worsened by the demands on healthcare in the era of COVID.
 
A 2021 Monash University publication noted high levels of psychological distress among Australian frontline workers, with 59% reporting anxiety, 70% with moderate to severe burnout and 57% with depression.
 
RACGP Expert Committee – Quality Care member Dr Magdalena Simonis, believes COVID has had a profound effect on GPs.
 
‘We’ve had the Medicare freeze which was worsened by COVID as we were forced to bulk bill for telehealth, while our non-GP specialist colleagues weren’t,’ she told newsGP.
 
‘GPs have also been left out of strategy [discussions] for managing health in the community, and this heightens dissatisfaction.
 
‘But the RACGP has responded well by advocating for telehealth and more recently has managed to get [more GP representation] in the DoH.’
 
Recent high profile cases in relation to doctor burnout include past-RACP President and Alfred Hospital physician Professor John Wilson and past-AMA vice president and emergency physician Dr Stephen Parnis.
 
The BMJ authors point to ways for improvement.
 
‘A range of effective interventions for reducing burnout in physicians are available,’ they wrote.
 
‘[These include] interventions focusing on improving the culture on healthcare organisations, interventions supporting individual physicians through organisational funded initiatives, and multicomponent interventions.’
 
Dr Simonis points to peer support groups, such as Doctors for Doctors, and other individualised factors to prevent burnout.
 
‘To be a good doctor, you need to look after yourself,’ she said.
 
‘For example spending time in nature, exercising, taking time out from office and desk, connecting with friends and maintaining relationships, seeking mental health support, addressing diet and being mindful [can all help].’
 
However, while individual interventions may help, Dr Tammra Warby, a GP with a PhD in virology says there is a sense that healthcare workers can ‘just deal with it’, and is instead calling for more systemic action.
 
‘Without healthcare workers, hospitals are just buildings,’ she told newsGP.
 
‘The conditions that lead to burnout can crossover with those that compromise patient safety. For example, [doctors] working outside of the scope of their practice, constant rapid changes in roles or processes, inadequate staffing, unsafe workplace environment and excess hours.
 
‘The article recommends implementation of evidence-based practices to improve outcomes, and I agree with this, [which] is why I suggested [a] taskforce who could develop those succinct guidelines.
 
‘The Mayo clinic does so and implements them.’
 
Dr Warby recommends a similar taskforce to orchestrate universal guidelines for all doctors, including GPs, which can be adopted for burnout prevention.
 
‘Organisations need to be accountable for the way they treat healthcare workers,’ she said.
 
‘The guidelines could be part of accreditation. I think the RACGP, AMA, ANMAC [Australian Nursing and Midwifery Accreditation Council], etcetera need to lead calls on the government and become stakeholders in this kind of taskforce.
 
‘We need to move from talk to action.’
 
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Dr Siva Kumar Raju Muppala   23/09/2022 4:43:58 PM

Regular exercise, connection to friends and relatives- what kind of advice is this ? find solutions for work force shortages and define general practitioner obligations more clearly. Communicate with Australians that GPs have their own limitations and not to push to the burnout.